Bartosz Płachno


Department of Plant Cytology and Embryology
Jagiellonian University in Kraków
Gronostajowa 9 St.
30-387 Kraków Poland
phone: (+48 12) 664 60 39

Scientific education

2011: Habilitation degree of natural sciences, specialization: plant cytology and embryology, Faculty of Biology and Earth Sciences, Jagiellonian University in Kraków
2006: Ph.D. in natural sciences (specialization: plant cytology and embryology), FBES, JU
2002-2006: Ph.D. studies in biological sciences, FBES, JU
2002: MA Biology (M.Sc.), specialization: plant cytology and embryology, FBES, JU
2000-2002: Pedagogical Study, JU
1997-2002: M.Sc. studies in biological sciences, FBES, JU

Research interests

  • Carnivorous plants: reproduction, structure and evolution
  • Parasitic plants: reproduction, structure and evolution
  • Flowering plant embryology with particular emphasis on female reproductive structure
  • Apomictic plants
  • Secretory structure (e.g. nectaries, osmophores, digestive glands) in plants with particular emphasis on their ultrastructure
  • Plasmodesmata
  • Anatomy of plants from different ecological groups

Research grants and scientific programmes (project leader)

"Ovule morphogenesis, development and structure of female gametophytes in the amphimictic and apomictic species from the genera Hieracium and Taraxacum". National Science Centre, project no: UMO 2013/09/B/NZ8/03308, project leader (2014-2017)
"Reproduction biology of Utricularia spp.".  Ministry of Science and Higher Education, Project no: N N304 002536, project leader (2009-2012)

Other grants (researcher)

"Embriogeneza Crassulaceae z uwzględnieniem ultrastruktury plazmodesm i roli komunikacji symplastowej w tym procesie". National Science Centre
"Pułapki roślin mięsożernych jako mikrosiedliska glonów”. National Science Centre
"Struktura genomu agamicznych i seksualnych przedstawicieli rodzaju Taraxacum w świetle badań kariologicznych, cytogenetycznych i molekularnych". National Science Centre
"Ovary structure and evolution and the course of oogenesis in clitellate annelids (Annelida, Clitellata)". National Science Centre
'Investigations of phytoremediation mechnisms of heavy metal compounds by species of Callitriche genus and other macrophytes in aquatic systems". National Science Centre

Key chosen Scientific stays and expeditions

  • Universidade Estadual Paulista, Unesp, câmpus Jaboticabal, Brazil (2016)
  • Australia and Tasmania – scientific expedition (2014)
  • Palacky University in Olomouc, Czech Republic (2014)
  • Julius-von-Sachs-Institut für Biowissenschaften University of Würzburg, Germany (2010, 2012)
  • Institute of Botany AS CR, Section of Plant Ecology, Czech Republic (2003, 2009, 2010, 2016)
  • Botanická zahrada Praha, Czech Republic (2008, 2011, 2012, 2017)
  • Lapland, Finland – scientific expedition (2009)
  • Meadowview Biological Research Station, Virginia, USA (2007)
  • Indiana University Southeast, New Albany, Indiana, USA (2007)
  • Max-Planck-Institute Stuttgart, Germany (2005)
  • University of Vienna, Austria (2005)
  • North Caucasus, The Karachay-Cherkess Republic– scientific expedition (2001)

Reviews, evaluations

Journal reviews:
Annals of Botany, Protoplasma, Aquatic Botany, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Acta Biologica Cracoviensia series Botanica, Annales de Limnologie, Turkish Journal of Botany, Flora, Botanical Studies (Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica), Acta Agrobotanica, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences, Australian Journal of Botany, Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae


2000/2001: Scholarship of Minister of National Education
2001/2002: Scholarship of Minister of National Education
2003: scholarship of the Scanning Electron Microscopy Laboratory of Biological and Earth Sciences
2005: prize of the Rector of the Jagiellonian University in scientific photography contest
2006: distinction of the Rector of the Jagiellonian University in scientific photography contest
2008: START scholarship for young researchers from the Foundation for Polish Science
2008: distinction in the 2 Photographic Biennial, University of Silesia
2009: Prolongation of START scholarship for young researchers from the Foundation for Polish Science
2011: Distinction by Rector of the Jagiellonian University for teaching activities
2011: Stipend for Outstanding Young Scientists from the Minister of Science and Higher Education
2012: Distinction by Rector of the Jagiellonian University for teaching activities
2012: Award of Rector of the Jagiellonian University for scientific achievements
2014: Award of Rector of the Jagiellonian University for scientific achievements
2014: Award of Rector of the Jagiellonian University for scientific achievements
2015: Award of Rector of the Jagiellonian University for scientific achievements
2017: The IBC 2017 Award, China: Excellent Scholar Award

New taxa for Science

  • Aganaster jagiellonicus Thuy, Kutscher & Płachno 2014
  • Chrysophycean stomatocyst #2, Wołowski, Piątek J. & Płachno, 2011
  • Chrysophycean stomatocyst #3, Wołowski, Piątek J. & Płachno, 2011

Key chosen Publications

Aranguren Y, Płachno BJ, Stpiczyńska M and Miranda VFO. 2018. Reproductive biology and pollination of the carnivorous Genlisea violacea (Lentibulariaceae). Plant Biology DOI: 10.1111/plb.12683

Płachno BJ, Jurkowska A, Pacyna G, Worobiec E, Gedl P, Świerczewska-Gładysz E. 2018. Plant assemblage from Opole (southern Poland): new data on Late Cretaceous vegetation of the northern part of European Province. Proceedings of the Geologists' Association in press

Płachno BJ, Stpiczyńska M, Adamec L, Miranda VFO and Świątek P. 2018. Nectar trichome structure of aquatic bladderworts from the section Utricularia (Lentibulariaceae) with observation of flower visitors and pollinators. Protoplasma DOI: 10.1007/s00709-018-1216-2

Płachno BJ, Świątek P, Stpiczyńska M and Miranda VFO. 2018. Flower palate ultrastructure of the carnivorous plant Genlisea hispidula Stapf with remarks on the structure and function of the palate in the subgenus Genlisea (Lentibulariaceae). Protoplasma DOI: 10.1007/s00709-018-1220-6

Stpiczyńska M, Davies K, Zych M, Płachno BJ. 2018. Labellar secretory structures and pollinator food-rewards in representatives of Old World Bulbophyllum Thouars. Flora 240: 98–115 doi
Płachno BJ and Muravnik LE. 2018. Chapter 13. Functional anatomy of carnivorous traps. In book “Carnivorous plants: Physiology, ecology, and evolution” eds. Ellison AM, Adamec L, Oxford University Press. 167-179.
Horner JD, Płachno BJ, Bauer U, and Di Giusto B. 2018. Chapter 12. Attraction of prey by carnivorous plants. In book “Carnivorous plants: Physiology, ecology, and evolution” eds. Ellison AM, Adamec L, Oxford University Press. 157-166.
Darnowski D, Bauer U, Moran J, Horner J, Méndez M, Płachno BJ. 2018. Chapter 21. Prey selection and specialization by carnivorous plants. In book “Carnivorous plants: Physiology, ecology, and evolution” eds. Ellison AM, Adamec L, Oxford University Press. 285-293.

Stpiczyńska M, Płachno BJ, Davies KL. 2017. Nectar and oleiferous trichomes as floral attractants in Bulbophyllum saltatorium Lindl. (Orchidaceae). Protoplasma  DOI 10.1007/s00709-017-1170-4

Płachno BJ, Kamińska I, Adamec L, Świątek P. 2017. Vascular tissue in traps of Australian carnivorous bladderworts (Utricularia) of the subgenus Polypompholyx. Aquatic Botany 142: 25–31

Płachno BJ, Stpiczyńska M, Krajewski Ł, Świątek P, Adamec L, Miranda VFO. 2017. Flower palate structure of the aquatic bladderworts Utricularia bremii Heer and U. minor L. from section Utricularia (Lentibulariaceae). Protoplasma 254: 2007–2015 DOI: 10.1007/s00709-017-1097-9

Rodrigues FG, Marulanda NF, Rodrigues da Silva S, Płachno BJ, Adamec L, Miranda VFO. 2017. Phylogeny of the “orchid-like” bladderworts (gen. Utricularia sect. Orchidioides and sect. Iperua: Lentibulariaceae) with remarks on the stolons-tubers system. Annals of Botany DOI 10.1093/aob/mcx056

Płachno BJ, Świątek P, Jobson RW, Małota K and Brutkowski W. 2017. Serial Block Face-SEM visualization of unusual plant nuclear tubular extensions in a carnivorous plant (Utricularia, Lentibulariaceae). Annals of Botany - in press

Płachno BJ, Stpiczyńska M, Davies KL, Świątek P, de Miranda VFO. 2017. Floral ultrastructure of two Brazilian aquatic-epiphytic bladderworts: Utricularia cornigera Studnička and U. nelumbifolia Gardner (Lentibulariaceae). Protoplasma 254(1): 353–366 DOI 10.1007/s00709-016-0956-0

Gawecki R, Sala K, Kurczyńska EU, Świątek P, Płachno BJ. 2017. Immunodetection of some pectic, arabinogalactan proteins and hemicelluloses epitopes in the micropylar transmitting tissue of apomictic dandelions (Taraxacum, Asteraceae, Lactuceae) Protoplasma 254: 657–668. DOI 10.1007/s00709-016-0980-0

Wróbel-Marek J, Kurczyńska E; Płachno BJ, Kozieradzka-Kiszkurno M. 2017. Identification of symplasmic domains in the embryo and seed of Sedum acre L. (Crassulaceae). Planta 245:491–505 DOI 10.1007/s00425-016-2619-y

Płachno BJ, Stpiczyńska M, Świątek P, Davies KL. 2016. Floral micromorphology of the Australian carnivorous bladderwort Utricularia dunlopii, a putative pseudocopulatory species. Protoplasma 253(6):1463-1473 DOI 10.1007/s00709-015-0900-8

Płachno BJ, Kurczyńska E, Świątek P. 2016. Integument cell differentiation in dandelions (Taraxacum, Asteraceae, Lactuceae) with special attention paid to plasmodesmata. Protoplasma 253(5):1365-1372. DOI: 10.1007/s00709-015-0894-2

Świątek P, Płachno BJ, Marchant R, Gorgoń S, Krodkiewska M, Małota K, Urbisz AZ. 2016. Germ- line cells do not form syncytial cysts in the ovaries of the basal clitellate annelid Capilloventer australis. Zoologischer Anzeiger - A Journal of Comparative Zoology 260: 63–71

Kolczyk J, Stolarczyk P, Płachno BJ. 2016. Ovule structure of Scotch thistle Onopordum acanthium L. (Cynareae, Asteraceae). Acta Biologica Cracoviensia Series Botanica 58: 19-28

Augustynowicz J, Łukowicz K, Tokarz K, Płachno BJ. 2015. Potential for chromium (VI) bioremediation by the aquatic carnivorous plant Utricularia gibba L. (Lentibulariaceae). Environmental Science and Pollution Research 22:9742–9748 DOI: 10.1007/s11356-015-4151-1

Płachno BJ, Świątek P, Kozierdzka-Kiszkurno M, Majeský L, Marciniuk J, Stolarczyk P. 2015. Are obligatory apomicts invested in the pollen tube transmitting tissue? Comparison of the micropyle ultrastructure between sexual and apomictic dandelions (Asteraceae, Lactuceae). Protoplasma 252:1325–1333 DOI:10.1007/s00709-015-0765-x

Płachno BJ, Wołowski K, Augustynowicz J, Łukaszek M. 2015. Diversity of algae in a thallium and other heavy metals-polluted environment. Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology 51: 139-146.

Thuy B, Kutscher M, and Płachno BJ. 2015. A new brittle star from the early Carboniferous of Poland and its implications on Paleozoic modern-type ophiuroid systematics. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 60 (4): 923–929.

Krajewski L, Płachno BJ. 2015. Utricularia bremii (Lentibulariaceae) in Poland. Polish Botanical Journal 60(1): 105–109 DOI: 10.1515/pbj-2015-0008

Kolczyk J, Tuleja M, Płachno BJ. 2015. Histological and cytological analysis of microsporogenesis and microgametogenesis of the invasive species Galinsoga quadriradiata Ruiz & Pav. (Asteraceae). Acta Biologica Cracoviensia Series Botanica 57/2: 89–97, DOI: 10.1515/abcsb-2015-0018

Clivati D, Cordeiro GD, Płachno BJ, de Miranda VFO. 2014. Reproductive biology and pollination of Utricularia reniformis A.St.-Hil. (Lentibulariaceae). Plant Biology 16/3: 677–682. 2014DOI:10.1111/plb.12091

Bielecki A, Świątek P, Cichocka JM, Siddall ME, Urbisz AZ, Płachno BJ. 2014. Diversity of features of the female reproductive system and other morphological characters in leeches (Citellata, Hirudinida) in phylogenetic conception. Cladistics 30: 540-554 DOI: 10.1111/cla.12058

Bielecki A, Cichocka JM, Jeleń I, Świątek P, Płachno BJ, Pikuła D. 2014. New data about the functional morphology of the chaetiferous leech-like annelids Acanthobdella peledina (Grube, 1851) and Paracanthobdella livanowi (Epshtein, 1966) (Clitellata, Acanthobdellida). Journal of Morphology 275/5: 528–539 DOI 10.1002/jmor.20235

Augustynowicz J, Tokarz K, Baran A, Płachno BJ. 2014. Phytoremediation of water polluted by Tl, Cd, Zn and Pb with the use of macrophyte Callitriche cophocarpa. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 66(4):572-81 doi: 10.1007/s00244-013-9995-0

Płachno BJ, Musiał K, Świątek P, Tuleja M, Marciniuk J, Grabowska-Joachimiak A. 2014. Synergids and filiform apparatus in the sexual and apomictic dandelions from section Palustria (Taraxacum, Asteraceae). Protoplasma 251:211–217 08/2013; DOI:10.1007/s00709-013-0539-2

Augustynowicz J, Wróbel P, Płachno BJ, Tylko G, Gajewski Z, Węgrzynek D. 2014. Chromium distribution in shoots of macrophyte Callitriche cophocarpa Sendtn. Planta 239:1233–1242 DOI: 10.1007/s00425-014-2047-9

Płachno BJ, Adamec L, Kozieradzka-Kiszkurno M, Świątek P, Kamińska I. 2014. Cytochemical and ultrastructural aspects of aquatic carnivorous plant turions. Protoplasma 251:1449-1454 DOI: 10.1007/s00709-014-0646-8

Kolczyk J, Stolarczyk P, Płachno BJ. 2014. Comparative anatomy of ovules in Galinsoga, Solidago and Ratibida (Asteraceae). Acta Biologica Cracoviensia Series Botanica 56/2 DOI: 10.2478/abcsb-2014-0024

Płachno BJ, Adamec L, Kamińska I. 2014. Relationship between trap anatomy and function in Australian carnivorous bladderworts (Utricularia) of the subgenus Polypompholyx. Aquatic Botany 120: 290–296
DOI: 10.1016/j.aquabot.2014.09.008

Płachno BJ, Wołowski K, Fleischmann F, Lowrie A, Łukaszek M. 2014 Algae and prey associated with traps of the Australian carnivorous plant Utricularia volubilis (Lentibulariaceae, Utricularia subgenus Polypompholyx) in natural habitat and in cultivation. Australian Journal of Botany 62: 528–536

Musiał K, Płachno BJ, Świątek P, Marciniuk J. 2013. Anatomy of ovary and ovule in dandelions (Taraxacum, Asteraceae). Protoplasma 250:715-722 DOI 10.1007/s00709-012-0455-x

Płachno BJ, Świątek P, Sas-Nowosielska H and Kozieradzka-Kiszkurno M. 2013. Organisation of the endosperm and endosperm-placenta syncytia in bladderworts (Utricularia, Lentibulariaceae) with emphasis on the microtubule arrangement. Protoplasma 250:863–873DOI: 10.1007/s00709-012-0468-5

Kozieradzka-Kiszkurno M, Płachno BJ. 2013. Diversity of plastid morphology and structure along the micropyle-chalaza axis of different Crassulaceae. Flora 208(2):128–137. DOI:10.1016/j.flora.2013.02.006

Wołowski K, Piątek J, Płachno BJ. 2013. Chrysophycean stomatocysts associated with the carnivorous plants (genus Utricularia) from Jeleniak-Mikuliny Nature Reserve. Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies 44/4: 398-405 DOI: 10.2478/s13545-000-0000-0

Świątek P, Urbisz AZ, Strużyński W, Płachno BJ, Bielecki A, Cios S, Salonen E, Klag J. 2012. Ovary architecture of two branchiobdellid species and Acanthobdella peledina (Annelida, Clitellata). Zoologischer Anzeiger 251: 71–82, doi: 10.1016/j.jcz2011.08.001

Kozieradzka-Kiszkurno M, Płachno BJ, Bohdanowicz J. 2012. New data about the suspensor of succulent angiosperms: ultrastructure and cytochemical study of the embryo-suspensor of Sempervivum arachnoideum L. and Jovibarba sobolifera (Sims) Opiz. Protoplasma 249:613–624. doi: 10.1007/s00709-011-0297-y

Płachno BJ, Łukaszek M, Wołowski K, Adamec L, Stolarczyk P. 2012. Aging of Utricularia traps and variability of microorganisms associated with that microhabitat. Aquatic Botany 97: 44– 48, doi: 10.1016/j.aquabot.2011.11.003

Płachno BJ, Świątek P. 2012. Actin cytoskeleton in the extra-ovular embryo sac of Utricularia nelumbifolia (Lentibulariaceae). Protoplasma 249:663–670, doi: 10.1007/s00709-011-0306-1

Król E, Płachno BJ, Adamec L, Stolarz M, Dziubińska H, Trębacz K. 2012. Quite a few reasons for calling carnivores 'the most wonderful plants in the world'. Annals of Botany 109: 47-64. doi: 10.1093/aob/mcr249

Kozieradzka-Kiszkurno M, Płachno BJ. 2012. Are there symplastic connections between the endosperm and embryo in some angiosperms?—a lesson from the Crassulaceae family. Protoplasma 249:1081–1089 doi: 10.1007/s00709-011-0352-8

Wieczorek K, Płachno BJ, Świątek P. 2012. A comparative morphology of the male genitalia of Aphididae (Insecta, Hemiptera) - part 2. Zoomorphology 131:303–324 DOI 10.1007/s00435-012-0163-2

Płachno BJ, Świątek P. 2011. Syncytia in plants: cell fusion in endosperm—placental syncytium formation in Utricularia (Lentibulariaceae). Protoplasma 248:425–435. doi:10.1007/s00709-010-0173-1

Płachno BJ. 2011. Female germ unit in Genlisea and Utricularia, with remarks about the evolution of the extra-ovular female gametophyte in members of Lentibulariaceae. Protoplasma 248:391–404. doi: 10.1007/s00709-010-0185-x

Płachno BJ, Świątek P, Kozieradzka-Kiszkurno M. 2011. The F-actin cytoskeleton in syncytia from non-clonal progenitor cells. Protoplasma 248: 623-629. doi: 10.1007/s00709-010-0209-6

Kozieradzka-Kiszkurno M, Płachno BJ, Bohdanowicz J. 2011. Are unusual plasmodesmata in the embryo-suspensor restricted to species from the genus Sedum among Crassulaceae? Flora 206: 684-690 doi: 10.1016/j.flora.2010.11.017

Wołowski K, Piątek J, Płachno BJ. 2011. Algae and stomatocysts associated with carnivorous plants. Part I: First report of chrysophyte stomatocysts from Virginia, U.S.A. Phycologia 50: 511-519 doi: 10.2216/10-94.1

Wieczorek K., Płachno BJ, Świątek P. 2011. Comparative morphology of the male genitalia of Aphididae (Insecta, Hemiptera): part 1. Zoomorphology 130: 289-303. doi: 10.1007/s00435-011-0134-z

Wieczorek K, Płachno BJ. 2011. Nowe stanowisko Myzocallis (Lineomyzocallis) walshii Monell, 1879 (Hemiptera, Aphididae: Calaphidinae) w Polsce / New records of Myzocallis (Lineomyzocallis) walshii Monell, 1879 (Hemiptera, Aphididae: Calaphidinae) in Poland. Acta Entomologica Silesiana 19: 91-92.

Płachno BJ, Świątek P, Szymczak G. 2010. Can a stench be beautiful? - Osmophores in stem-succulent stapeliads (Apocynaceae-Asclepiadoideae-Ceropegieae-Stapeliinae). Flora 205/2: 101-105 doi:10.1016/j.flora.2009.01.002

Płachno BJ, Świątek P. 2010. Unusual embryo structure in viviparous Utricularia nelumbifolia, with remarks on embryo evolution in genus Utricularia. Protoplasma 239:69–80 doi 10.1007/s00709-009-0084-1

Płachno BJ, Świątek P. 2009. Functional anatomy of the ovule in Genlisea with remarks on ovule evolution in Lentibulariaceae. Protoplasma 236:39–48. doi:10.1007/s00709-009-0045-8
Płachno BJ, Clivati D, Miranda VFO de and Świątek P. 2009. Are there seed pedestals in Lentibulariaceae? Acta Biologica Cracoviensia series Botanica 51/2: 115–118.

Płachno BJ, Adamec L, Huet H. 2009. Mineral nutrient uptake from prey and glandular phosphatase activity as a dual test of carnivory in semi-desert plants with glandular leaves suspected of carnivory. Annals of Botany 104/4: 649-654; doi:10.1093/aob/mcp155

Płachno BJ, Kozieradzka-Kiszkurno M, Świątek P and Darnowski DW. 2008. Prey attraction in carnivorous Genlisea (Lentibulariaceae). Acta Biologica Cracoviensia series Botanica 50: 87-94.

Płachno BJ, Świątek P. 2008. Cytoarchitecture of Utricularia nutritive tissue. Protoplasma 234:25–32. doi: 10.1007/s00709-008-0020-9

Płachno BJ, Wołowski K. 2008. Algae commensals community in Genlisea traps. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae 1: 77-86.

Płachno BJ, Świątek P, and Wistuba A. 2007. The giant extra-floral nectaries of carnivorous Heliamphora folliculata; architecture and ultrastructure Acta Biologica Cracoviensia series Botanica 49: 91-104.

Płachno BJ, Kozieradzka-Kiszkurno M, and Świątek P. 2007. Functional ultrastructure of Genlisea (Lentibulariaceae) digestive hairs. Annals of Botany 100: 195–203. doi:10.1093/aob/mcm109

Płachno BJ, and Adamec L. 2007. Differentiation of Utricularia ochroleuca and U. stygia populations in Třeboň Basin, Czech Republic, on the basis of quadrifids glands. Carnivorous Plant Newsletter 36: 87-95.

Płachno BJ, Adamec L, Lichtscheidl IK, Peroutka M, Adlassnig W, and Vrba J. 2006. Fluorescence labelling of phosphatase activity in digestive glands of carnivorous plants. Plant Biology 8: 813-820. doi:10.1055/s-2006-924177

Darnowski DW, Carroll DM, Płachno BJ, Kabanoff E, and Cinnamon E. 2006. Evidence of protocarnivory in triggerplants (Stylidium spp.; Stylidiaceae). Plant Biology 8: 805-812. doi:10.1055/s-2006-924472

Płachno BJ, Jankun A. and Faber J. 2005. Development of the wall labyrinth in pavement epithelium hairs of some Utricularia species. Acta Biologica Cracoviensia series Botanica 47/1: 109-113.

Płachno BJ, Adamus K, Faber J, and Kozłowski J. 2005. Feeding behaviour of carnivorous Genlisea plants in the laboratory. Acta Botanica Gallica 152/2: 159-164.

Płachno BJ, Faber J, and Jankun A. 2005. Cuticular Discontinuities in glandular hairs of Genlisea St.-Hil. in relation to their functions. Acta Botanica Gallica 152/2: 125-130.

Płachno BJ, and Jankun A. 2004. Transfer cell wall architecture in secretory hairs of Utricularia intermedia traps. Acta Biologica Cracoviensia series Botanica 46: 193-200.

Płachno B. 2003. Stanowiska rzadkich gatunków pływaczy Utricularia ssp. w okolicy Tarnowskich Gór. Chrońmy Przyrodę Ojczystą 59/3: 71-74.